Personal budgets and direct payments

Local authorities might offer families the option of a personal or individual budget. This is also sometimes referred to as Self-Directed Support.

A personal budget is an allocated amount of money that the local authority considers sufficient to meet all of your child's eligible needs.

To decide how much will be allocated some authorities use a computerised system generally referred to as a resource allocation scheme. If offered a personal or individual budget, you should ask the council to break down the budget to show it meets your child's assessed needs. 

Once the amount of the personal budget has been agreed, you can decide how to make best use of it. You can ask someone else (like a friend, local organisation or your local authority) to manage the budget on your child's behalf, or you might choose to organise your child's care yourself, taking your child's personal budget in the form of direct payments.

Direct payments

If your local authority agrees that your child needs services, you can choose to get money to buy these services yourself instead of having them organised by the local authority. This money is given to you in the form of direct payments.

Some of the ways direct payments can be used are:

  • getting help with your child's personal care, for example bathing, dressing or eating, or help looking after them overnight
  • a sitter service to look after your child when you are out
  • help for your child to use leisure facilities
  • help with household tasks to free up your time to look after your child
  • a place at a day nursery or after-school care
  • someone to accompany your child on holiday.

Some reasons for using direct payments

Direct payments should give you more control over how your child's needs are met. There are several reasons you might choose to receive direct payments instead of having services organised by the local authority:

  • The services you currently receive don't meet the needs of your family, or if your feel you have little say over how these services are provided.
  • You live in a remote and rural area where no suitable services exist - employing a personal assistant (PA) may be the only realistic method of support. Note that employing a PA means you will have the responsibilities of an employer. Most local authorities will have services to support families who choose to use their payment in this way.
  • Your child has cultural or language needs that your current service providers cannot meet.
  • Your child has been assessed as needing services but you have been waiting a long time for help to become available.

It is important to be aware that local councils can refuse to give personal budgets or direct payments if they are considered an inefficient or impractical use of resources.

Additional information for England only

In England, your personal budget may come from your local social services team, local education department or in some cases from your NHS clinical commissioning group (CCG).

The personal budget for education is included in an Education, Health and Care (EHC) plan and will only include the funds needed to buy more specialist or individual support than the school or college is expected to provide.

Since April 2015, social services have been required to offer personal budgets to disabled people aged 18 or over who they assess as needing social care. Although they are not obliged to offer a personal budget to a disabled child under the age of 18, an increasing number of councils do offer them.

Since October 2014, anyone receiving NHS continuing healthcare, including a child, has the right to have a personal health budget. This sets out the funding available to meet the healthcare needs that have been agreed by health professionals in a care and support plan.

A care and support plan helps people to identify their health and wellbeing goals, and then sets out how the funding in their personal budget will be spent to achieve these goals.

Integrating education, social care and health budgets

Social service departments, education authorities and CCGs are being encouraged to work together. The aim is to establish arrangements allowing for single personal budgets that cover someone's social care, education and healthcare needs. How this personal budget is used is then set out in an EHC plan.

Related information