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Academy - An independently run school that
receives government funding. Many academies have converted from
maintained schools. Academies may be run by businesses, other
schools, charities or voluntary groups. Academies are not
controlled by the local authority and have a lot of freedom to set
their own rules.
Code of Practice - Government guidance on the
duties of local authorities, schools, colleges, health services and
others who support children and young people with special
educational needs (SEN)
Direct payments - A cash payment given to a
parent, young person or someone on their behalf so that they can
arrange the support detailed in an EHC plan themselves.
Disability - A mental or physical impairment
which strongly affects a person's ability to carry out normal daily
activities. Many people with a disability will also have a SEN.
Education setting - A general phrase to
describe a place where a child or young person receives their
education, for example a nursery, school or college.
Education, Health and Care (EHC) needs
assessment - A formal assessment carried out by a local
authority to decide how much extra support a child or young person
EHC plan - A legal document issued by the local
authority describing a child or young person's education, health
and social care needs and the support that will be given to
Free school - A type of academy. Usually
describes a new school which has been set up by parents, a charity,
business or other groups or individuals.
Health provision - The medical care or support
set out in an EHC plan. This could include medication, nursing or
Independent school - A school that is not
maintained by the state and charges fees. They are often run by a
charity or charitable trust. Independent schools will have their
own policies on admissions and exclusions. Independent schools do
not have to follow the National Curriculum. Some independent
schools provide education specifically for pupils with special
educational needs (SEN).
Outcomes - The benefit or difference that a
particular bit of help makes to a child or young person.
Mainstream school - Any school that is not a
Maintained school - Sometimes called a state
school. A mainstream or special school funded by the local
education authority. These include community and voluntary
controlled schools. They also include voluntary aided and
foundation schools, for example faith schools that are controlled
by the governing body. Maintained schools have to follow education
law on special educational needs, admissions and the
Pathfinder - One of the local authorities that
was involved in testing the new SEN system before it became
Personal budget - An amount of money which can
be used to buy support described in an EHC plan. A young person or
their family can have a say in how the budget is used.
Learning Difficulty Assessment (LDA)/Section 139a
assessment - An assessment of needs carried out before a
young person with SEN moves from school to further education. The
local authority must arrange this for a pupil with a statement.
Local offer - Information published by the
local authority about the education, health and social care support
available in the area for children and young people with SEN and
School/Early years Action
School/Early years Action Plus - The stages of support
for children with SEN in early years settings and schools that was
provided before September 2014. These stages have been replaced by
SENCO - Special educational needs coordinator:
a qualified teacher in a mainstream nursery or school who arranges
the extra help for pupils with SEN.
SEN support - The first level of extra support
in mainstream education settings for children and young people with
SEN. It replaced school action/action plus in
Social care provision - The support that
someone receives to help them at home or in the community.
Special educational needs (SEN) - A child or
young person has SEN if they have a learning difficulty or
disability that makes it harder for them to learn that it is for
most people of their age.
Special educational provision - A general term
for any extra help given to children or young people with SEN that
is over and above the help normally given to pupils of their age in
mainstream education settings.
Special school - A school that provides
education only for pupils with special educational needs. Some
special schools provide for pupils with moderate or severe learning
difficulties. Many special schools provide for a particular type of
need such as autism, visual impairment or dyslexia.
Statement of special educational needs - A
legal document issued by the local authority describing a child's
SEN and the support they will receive. From September 2014
statements will start to be replaced by EHC plans.
Transfer review - A process carried out by the
local authority to transfer a statement into an EHC plan.
Young person - A child becomes a young person
when they have reached the end of compulsory schooling. This is the
end of the school year in which they turn 16 - year 11 for most
pupils. A young person between 16 and 25 has the right to make
their own decisions related to their EHC plan.