Home Help for families Information & Advice Education & learning Education in Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales School Action & School Action Plus (Wales) Common questions about getting extra help in mainstream schools
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IEP’s are a way of recording the extra help a child is getting, the targets they are working towards, and monitoring their progress. The school does not have to use IEP’s, but they must have a system in place that does the same job of monitoring the progress of an individual child.
A child does not need a particular diagnosis before they start to receive extra support. The school has a duty to identify and support those pupils who need a lot more help than other pupils of the same age due to a learning difficulty or disability.
A child may have special educational needs even if he or she is progressing at an average or above average rate in academic subjects at school. Some children may appear to be doing well, but need help with other areas of learning such as communication, behaviour, social or physical skills. Some children may get the extra help at School Action or School Action Plus. Other children who need a lot more help may have a statement of special educational needs.
A school cannot refuse to accept a child who has not been toilet trained or require a parent to come in and change the pupil. As part of their duty to make reasonable adjustments for disabled pupils, schools should ensure there are staff available to carry out personal care for a child, either on a voluntary basis or as part of their contract.
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