How is it diagnosed? Pituitary conditions often develop very slowly and, in many cases, symptoms have been present for months or even years by the time a diagnosis is made. Once a pituitary condition is suspected, initial laboratory tests can be carried out either through a GP or an endocrinologist (specialist in endocrine disorders). The type of test performed is usually indicated by the presenting signs and symptoms. Radiological imaging, usually magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is also commonly used to detect the presence of pituitary adenomas. How is it treated? The most appropriate treatment depends on the tumour type. Prolactinomas are usually treated medically with drugs such as cabergoline, bromocriptine or quinagolide. These are effective in suppressing prolactin production and also shrink the pituitary tumour. Patients with acromegaly, Cushing’s disease or non-functioning pituitary tumours usually require an operation to remove the pituitary mass. If this fails to cure the condition, radiotherapy may be considered. Additional treatment options include monthly injections in acromegaly and removal of the adrenal glands in Cushing’s disease. Inheritance patterns and prenatal diagnosis Inheritance patternsPituitary disorders can affect any age group and, with the exception of certain familial syndromes (those that run in families), are not generally thought to be hereditary in origin. Prenatal diagnosisNone. Is there support? The Pituitary Foundation Patient Support and Information Helpline: 0117 370 1320Email: email@example.comWebsite: pituitary.org.uk The Foundation is a Registered Charity in England and Wales No. 1058968. It provides information and support to anyone affected by pituitary conditions, including information specifically for young people. The Foundation runs a Patient and Family Support Helpline, and an Endocrine Nurse Helpline that offers access to a specialist nurse to provide expertise and medical advice. It has a network of local support groups across the UK and the Republic of Ireland, and a group that supports younger patients and their parents. Group details last reviewed March 2022.