Adult Disability Payment & disability benefits at 16

6 mins read

Adult Disability Payment will replace Personal Independence Payment (PIP) for disabled adults in Scotland.

In this article

What is Adult Disability Payment?

Adult Disability Payment is a new benefit the Scottish government is introducing to replace Personal Independence Payment (PIP). It is a disability benefit for disabled adults age 16 and over.

This new benefit is being rolled out across Scotland between 2022 and 2024 to replace PIP.

Initially, Adult Disability Payment will have very similar rules to PIP. But the Scottish Government intends to carry out a full review of the benefit in the Summer of 2023.

When is Adult Disability Payment being introduced?

Adult disability payment was initially piloted in the three council areas of Dundee City, Perth and Kinross and Western Isles to replace new claims for PIP.

From 21 March 2022, if your child:

Then they won’t be able to make a new claim for PIP. They will need to claim Adult Disability Payment instead.

Adult Disability Payment will then roll out to replace new claims for PIP in other council areas in phases:

  • From 20 June 2022, it will roll out to replace new claims for PIP the council areas of Angus, North Lanarkshire and South Lanarkshire.
  • From 25 July 2022, it will further extended to replace new claims for PIP in Fife, City of Aberdeen, Aberdeenshire, Moray, North Ayrshire, East Ayrshire and South Ayrshire council areas.

Then on 29 August 2022, Adult Disability Payment will roll out across the rest of Scotland to replace all new claims for PIP.

Transfer of existing PIP claimants

From June, working age adults in Scotland who already get DLA or PIP will also start to transfer onto Adult Disability Payment. This will happen in stages.

This process will start from the 13 June onwards with people:

  • Who are due a review of their award and live within Dundee City, Western Isles and Perth and Kinross; and
  • Whose PIP award is due to end before February 2023 and who are living in any local authority.

From 29 August, Social Security Scotland will then start to transfer people on PIP who either:

  • Report a change in circumstances to the Department for Work and Pensions.
  • Are due a review of their PIP award.
  • Have a terminal illness.

This will apply no matter which Scottish local authority they live in.

How will my child be transferred?

Someone who is transferred from PIP to Adult Disability Payment will have their awards moved over automatically to the new Scottish benefit. There will be no change in the amount paid or their payment dates. They won’t have to make a claim for Adult Disability Payment, and they won’t need to go through a re-assessment.

Once someone is selected for transfer to Adult Disability Payment, Social Security Scotland will write to them (or to you if you are their appointee) confirming their intention to transfer their award. The transfer process will normally take three-four months (one month for the terminally ill).

During this ‘transition period’, PIP will be paid as normal. Usually, you will not need to do anything, and your award will be transferred automatically. In a small number of cases, Social security Scotland may need to contact someone on PIP to confirm that personal details are correct.

Once someone has been transferred onto Adult Disability Payment, Social Security Scotland will write to them confirming this. They will explain the rate of the daily living and mobility components they will get (this will usually be the same as they were getting for PIP). The letter will also explain when their PIP award will end and when their Adult Disability Payment will start, as well as the date their new Adult Disability Payment award will be reviewed.

Once your child has been transferred onto Adult Disability Payment, you should make sure that any offices paying them other benefits or providing them with services, such as the Blue Badge, are told they are now getting Adult Disability Payment.

Appointees

If you manage your child’s PIP as their appointee, Social Security Scotland will want to review your appointment after your child has been transferred onto Adult Disability Payment.

This is because their are some differences between the law in Scotland and the rest of the UK about appointees.

What disability benefits can my child currently claim at 16?

When Adult Disability Payment is fully introduced, it will be the main benefit for young people and adults age 16 and over.

In the meantime:

My child currently claims DLA or Child Disability Payment

Young people in Scotland can continue to receive Disability Living Allowance (DLA) until they turn 18.

Similarly, any child awarded Child Disability Payment before their 16th birthday can stay on that benefit until they turn 18. So, if your child is turning 16 and already gets DLA or Child Disability Payment, they don’t need to claim PIP or Adult Disability Payment. Instead, they will continue to get that benefit until they turn 18 if they want.

A young person in Scotland can still opt to move onto PIP (or Adult Disability Payment if it’s in their area) before age 18 if they want. To do this, they will have to make an application for PIP or Adult Disability Payment.

Any 16 or 17 year old on DLA/Child Disability Payment considering this should first seek detailed advice from a benefits adviser. Many disabled people are worse off under PIP/Adult Disability Payment.

My child does not currently claim any disability benefits

Anyone aged 16 or above who does not already get DLA or Child Disability Payment can’t make a new claim for one of these benefits. They need to claim PIP instead (or Adult Disability Payment if it has been introduced in their area).

The rules extending DLA to the age of 18 in Scotland only apply to young people who were getting DLA immediately before their 16th birthday. If someone isn’t already getting DLA by their 16th birthday, they can’t make a new claim after that date and will need to claim either PIP or Adult Disability Payment (if it has been introduced in their area).