Home Help for families Information & Advice Education & learning EHC plans & assessments (England only) Change in circumstances
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The information on this page is for families in England only. I live in Northern Ireland, Scotland or Wales.
There are some situations what might mean your child’s Education, Health and Care (EHC) plan changes or ceases (ends) completely.
Education, Health and Care (EHC) plans have no force outside England. If you are moving to another country please contact our helpline for advice.
If you are moving to another local authority within England, your son or daughter’s EHC plan must be transferred from the old local authority to the new local authority.
You should tell your old local authority that you are moving at least 15 working days beforehand if possible, so that the transfer happens on the day of your move. Once the EHC plan has been transferred, the new local authority must provide everything in it straight away.
The new local authority can carry out the next annual review of the EHC plan following the usual timetable (see below), or it can bring the annual review forward. It can also decide to do a complete reassessment of your child’s special educational needs.
Your son or daughter should not be left without education in the meantime. They should continue to attend the school or college named on the EHC plan, but if this isn’t possible (for example because your new home is now too far away), your new local authority must arrange a suitable alternative education that meets their needs. This would usually be a temporary placement at a similar school or college in the area.
The new local authority must tell you what it is going to do within six weeks of your move.
If it is not doing a full reassessment of your child’s needs, it must review the plan before one of the following deadlines, whichever is the later:
A review or reassessment may result in changes to the support in the EHC plan and to the school or college named in the EHC plan. You can appeal to the SEND Tribunal about any changes to the education sections (parts B, F and I) of the EHC plan.
Some children and young people with Education, Health and Care (EHC) plans make very good progress and only require a plan for part of their education. Others need help through a plan for the whole of their schooling and into college or other training.
Under the Children and Families Act 2014, the local authority can maintain an EHC plan until a young person reaches age 25. However, this is not an absolute right, and most young people will stop having an EHC plan at an earlier age.
A local authority can legally end a plan on a young person’s 25th birthday. The local authority should only do this if the education and training outcomes in the EHC plan have been achieved. If the young person is part-way through a course, the local authority can, at their discretion, continue the EHC plan to the end of the academic year.
Support should not stop abruptly. Whatever their age, preparation for your son or daughter’s transition to the next stage of their life should begin well before the EHC plan is due to end.
The EHC plan will stop in the following circumstances.
Universities have duties under the Equality Act 2010 to make reasonable adjustments for disabled students. This can include support such as flexible seminar times, support for study skills or access to specialist computer equipment. Students with higher needs may qualify for a Disabled Students Allowance to fund specific help such as note takers, sign language interpreters or specialist IT equipment.
The local authority can decide to end the plan if your son or daughter no longer has special educational needs and/or does not need to stay in education or training. An EHC plan cannot stay in place if your son or daughter only has health or social care needs.
Before deciding to end the EHC plan, the local authority must consider the following:
Local authorities must make decisions on an individual basis. They should not end an EHC plan just because your son or daughter has reached 19, or because they have completed two years of further education.
The local authority can also cease the EHC plan if it is no longer ‘necessary’ to maintain it. The test for this is that your child no longer needs the special educational provision on the plan. Even if they still need support from health or social care, the EHC plan can be stopped if educational help is no longer required.
If your child is over 18, the local authority must still take into account whether they have met the educational outcomes in their EHC plan. The local authority must not automatically stop the plan just because your child has reached this age. Some young people want to stay in education past 18 or 19 or may need more time in education to help them move on to adult life
An EHC plan must also not be ceased just because an educational placement has broken down and a child or young person is out of education. In that circumstance, the local authority must review the plan.
In most cases the local authority will decide to cease a plan after an annual review. You, your child, and relevant professionals will have been involved in discussions, so the decision should not come as a surprise.
If the local authority wants to cease your child’s EHC plan it must:
There is no set format or timescale for getting your views but there is an overarching duty in law to involve you and your child in decisions.
The local authority must then tell you in writing that it is ceasing the plan and that you have the right to appeal.
The EHC plan will remain in place:
Remember that if your child is over 16 then any decisions about their EHC plan pass in law directly to them. See our page on education beyond 16 for what this means.
If the local authority is asking for your views, here are some questions to think about:
If you are the parent of a young adult, our factsheet on support in education for 19-25 year olds will be helpful.
If the local authority has decided to cease your child’s EHC plan and you disagree, you have a right to mediation and/or appeal.
Some young people may have a break in their education. This may happen, for example, if it takes a long time to find a suitable college, if they change their mind about a course, or if they become ill.
In such situations the Education, Health and Care (EHC) plan should continue. It should not be ended unless a review has been carried out and it is clear that the young person does not want to return to education.
See the SEND Code of Practice: 0 to 25 years in England. [PDF].
Read our information about education in Wales.
Find out about the system of support for children with special educational needs in Northern Ireland on the NI Education Authority website or Senac (special educational needs advice centre).
In Scotland, the system of support for children with additional support needs is called additional support for learning. You can read more about it on the Enquire website.
How early years education settings in England support children with special educational needs (SEN).
Read about the extra support provided in mainstream schools for children with special educational needs in England.
Read about education after 16 years for young people with special educational needs (SEN).
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