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Personal Independence Payment (PIP) is a benefit that has
replaced Disability Living Allowance
(DLA) for adults aged 16-64. DLA will continue as a separate
benefit for children aged under 16 years.
PIP is not means tested and can be paid both in and out of work.
Whether your son or daughter qualifies will depend on the
difficulties they have in carrying out certain tasks essential to
independent living and the problems they have in getting around out
As part of being assessed they may be asked to attend a face to
face meeting with a health professional.
If your child is under 16 and on DLA, they will be invited to
claim PIP shortly after their 16th birthday. If your child is older
and still gets DLA they are likely to be asked to claim PIP at some
point in the near future.
Children turning 16
Children turning 16 who currently claim DLA will be asked to
claim PIP after their 16th birthday. Young people turning 16 who
get DLA under the special rules for the terminally ill are exempt
and will continue to get DLA. If your child is in hospital
when they turn 16 they will not be asked to claim PIP until after
they have been discharged.
If you live in England, Wales and
Scotland, the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) will
write to you when your child is 15 years and 7 months. They will
explain what will happen and check whether your child has the
mental capacity to deal their own benefit claims or whether they
will need an appointee to act on their behalf.
They will follow this up with a second letter once your child is
15 years and 10 months. Finally the DWP will contact them shortly
after their birthday to invite them to claim PIP.
If you live in Northern Ireland and your child
turns 16, the Social Security Agency will contact you before your
child's birthday to tell you what you must do to claim
Children aged over 16 who are still on DLA
If you have an older child who is still getting DLA, they are
likely to be invited to claim PIP at some point in the near future.
This will happen automatically if:
The DWP is also re-assessing all other adult DLA claimants under
the PIP rules, i.e. those who have long-term or indefinite awards.
The DWP will write to you or your child when they want them to
Once your son or daughter is invited to claim PIP, they (or you
if you are their appointee) must do so within 28 days by
phoning the PIP claim line on 0800 917 2222 (or 0800 012 1573 in
When your child telephones the PIP claim line they (or you if
you are their appointee) will be asked to complete a simple claim
form over the telephone. This asks basic questions such as your
child's name, contact details and nationality. It doesn't ask for
detailed information about your child's care or mobility needs.
This detailed information is instead gathered in a separate
paper questionnaire that will be posted to them after they have
made their initial telephone claim.
Most young people are also asked to attend a face to face
consultation with a health professional working on behalf of the
Department for Work and Pensions.
Your child's DLA payments will continue until a decision is made
on their PIP claim. This applies even if their existing DLA award
was scheduled to end when they turned 16. However, if your child
fails to claim PIP when invited to do so, their DLA payments will
Like DLA, PIP is made up of two parts. There is a mobility
component based on your ability to get around and a daily living
component based on your ability to carry out key activities
necessary to participate in daily life.
Depending on their circumstances your child might qualify for
one or both.
PIP uses a points-based system to decide whether someone
qualifies for the benefit, and if so, at what rate. You receive
points depending on the level of difficulty you experience in the
The number of points you score in the last two categories are
added together to decide if you get the mobility component, and at
what rate. Your scores in the other categories are added together
to decide whether you get the daily living component.
Both components of PIP are paid at either a standard rate or an
enhanced rate depending on the level of your child's needs.
The daily living component weekly rates are:
The mobility component weekly rates are:
Some people may get the same amount of PIP as they previously
got in DLA. However, others may find that their payments are either
higher or lower than before. Other DLA claimants may be refused PIP
If you live in Northern Ireland and your child is refused PIP or
awarded less than they previously got in DLA, they may
qualify for supplementary payments to compensate them for up to
PIP is never treated as income for other benefits. Instead, your
child getting PIP can help you or them qualify for extra
amounts within any means-tested benefits or tax credits you
receive. It may also help you qualify for other benefits such
as Carer's Allowance.
Detailed advice about what other help you or your child might
get as a result of a PIP award is available via our
This information was written by our invaluable Family Finances
Helpline team. Although all our information is free to access, we
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