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Personal Independence Payment (PIP) is a new benefit replacing
Disability Living Allowance
(DLA) for adults aged 16-64. DLA will continue as a separate
benefit for children aged under 16 years.
Initially PIP only applied to those making a new claim, but it
is now also replacing existing DLA awards for some claimants.
PIP has already replaced DLA for new claims by disabled adults
aged 16 or over. However the government has also in the mitdst of
reassessing existing DLA claimants for PIP.
Children turning 16
Children turning 16 who currently claim DLA will be asked to
claim PIP after their 16th birthday.Young people turning 16 who get
DLA under the special rules for the terminally ill are exempt and
will continue to get DLA. If your child is in hospital when
they turn 16 they will not be asked to claim PIP until after they
have been discharged.
If you live in England, Wales and
Scotland, the Department of Work and Pensions (DWP) will
write to you when your child is 15 years and 7 months. They will
explain what will happen and check whether your child has the
mental capacity to deal their own benefit claims or whether they
will need an appointee to act on their behalf.
They will follow this up with a second letter once your child is
15 years and 10 months. Finally the DWP will contact them shortly
after their birthday to invite them to claim PIP.
If you live in Northern Ireland and your child
turns 16 on or after 20 June 2016, the Social Security Agency will
contact you before your child's birthday to tell you what you must
do to claim PIP. Detailed information on how this will happen is
not yet available.
Once your son or daughter is invited to claim PIP, they (or you
if you are their appointee) must do so within 28 days by
phoning the PIP claim line on 0800 917 2222 (or 0800 012 1573 in
Your child's DLA payments will continue until a decision is made
on their PIP claim. This applies even if their existing DLA award
was scheduled to end when they turned 16. However, if they fail to
claim PIP when invited, their DLA payments will stop.
All other claimants aged 16 and above
Apart from young people turning 16, three other groups are
automatically invited to claim PIP. These are DLA claimants who
The DWP has also started the process of of re-assessing all
other adult DLA claimants under the PIP rules, i.e. those who have
long-term or indefinite awards. This is being done gradually over a
two year period. By the end of March 2018 (December 2018 in
Northern Ireland), it is expected that all adult DLA claimants will
have been asked to claim PIP.
Like DLA, PIP is made up of two parts. There is a mobility
component based on your ability to get around and a daily living
component based on your ability to carry out key activities
necessary to participate in daily life.
Depending on their circumstances your child might qualify for
one or both.
Both components of PIP are paid at either a standard rate or an
enhanced rate depending on the level of your child's needs.
The daily living component weekly rates are:
The mobility component weekly rates are:
Some people may get the same amount of PIP as they previously
got in DLA. However, others may find that their payments are either
higher or lower than before. Other DLA claimants may be refused PIP
If you live in Northern Ireland and your child is refused PIP or
awarded less than they previously got in DLA, they may
qualify for supplementary payments to compensate them for up to
As well as having to complete a claim form over the telephone
and a paper questionnaire, most people will be asked to attend a
face to face assessment undertaken by a health care professional
working on behalf of the Department of Work and Pensions.
PIP uses a points-based system to decide whether someone
qualifies for the benefit, and if so, at what rate. You receive
points depending on the level of difficulty you experience in the
The number of points you score in the last two categories are
added together to decide if you get the mobility component, and at
what rate. Your scores in the other categories are added together
to decide whether you get the daily living component.